ARCHITECTURE ... s not an exact science, but one helping to create buildings for certain features in an artistic manner, so that the utility and aesthetics do not subordinate one to the other, but come as a whole.
"The interior space is the only reality of the construction" Frank Lloyd Wright
The architecture represents the science and the art of designing and building edifices and building assemblies. Its science is aiming at fixing the buildings from a functional ad technical point of view : the architectural art represents a particular component of arts, in general, and it has a special nature, because, using real, useful, fixed or mobile objects we create or compose non-figurative plastic images, having abstract nature, without imitating natural models. The architecture as an entity may be compared with the environment taking into account it is an organism, but an artificial one, implanted in a natural environment with which it has to come in a functional and aesthetic harmony. (Architect Cosma JUROV PhD)



... refers to designing interior spaces and areas in order to be functional in safety and aesthetic conditions at the same time. Interior architecture responds to one or several usage scenarios for that space. The approach includes several factors and the indoor architect shall find a way so that all the variables may perfectly co-work.



... has a personal, subjective nature and it is tightly connected with the perception of a user at a certain point..



... implies the designer intention of transmitting by means of the language and it refers to a general perception of what it is coexisting in a space.



... has experienced many changes over the centuries, according to the dominant artistic trends and styles of each era. From the first manifestations in the form of dedicated, two-dimensional or three-dimensional object that until now, art textile art oscillated between a luxury art and applied art.
The artist Jean Lurcat (1892- 1966) inaugurated the twentieth century tapestry revival through artistic experiments that give it a special place. The tapestry acquires monumental valences under the influence of architect Le Corbusier who makes and decorates with large tapestries.

Natural or synthetic fabric is widely used by artists, designers and architects in configuring and reconfiguring the environment. Processing techniques and fiber textile yarn - weaving, knotting, weaving, sewing - are increasingly being used in structures and textures that create a wide range of expressive works with new values. Textile art occurs more often in indoor and outdoor environmental architecture projects, modeling existing space or creating new spaces in relation to the viewer. Through this works of arts are transmetted certain moods and feelings on the strenght of forms and symbols, colors and work techniques.




... is the most important element within the design process in creating spaces that will reflect both style and state of mind. The colour fascinates not only the natural environment, but always as a choice in all things created by Man.



... refers to creating some objects (pieces of furniture, decoration pieces with representative symbolic value, light units, separation elements, representations of the horizontal plans, ceilings and floors etc) or of some details or space sub-dividing the general space, providing originality, uniqueness for the entire layout. An interior designer collaborates with an architect and/or an interior architect or otherwise said, the design in architecture completes the interior architecture which is the base, the first step in a project developpment.



It is mandatory to clarify the confusion between those terms. Even if both imply the action of designing, they differentiate unique activity sectors. We are often meeting a wrong usage of those terms even by professionals, establishing a confusion that creates ambivalence. It was erroneously reinforced the idea according to which architecture refers mostly to the exterior of the building, the cover and the design to the interior of a building. The differences are very clear, with roles and methodologies well defined.

The architecture, interior architecture and interior design represent nowadays sub-divisions that together with the graphic and industrial design, and together with the landscaping they form a vast area in order to solve certain needs, both from a micro (individuals, natural entities) and macro (companies, collective groups, urban settlements) leading to a highlife standards.

An architectural structure is an expression of the cultural principles and of some design options based on the contemporary technology and its application methods. Interior architecture is not eliminated from this architectural manifestation. A product of the interior architecture is placed inside the architectural practice activity and is strictly connected to it. So that interior architecture cannot be separated from architecture and vice versa.
Interior design, however, may establish an independent language, even separate from the architecture hosting it. Certain materials, furbishing, details, symbols, architectural elements and certain spaces can be approached freely, apart from the architectural act.

The design may have a symbolist purpose, for the differentiation or identification at marketing level within a market or it may have that uniqueness role with artistic and/or technologic- functional attribute.
For a better understanding we may trace a parallel with fashion and comprehend a special order for a single person with unique value, created by a fashion designer. This is the only condition for the design to be taken into account, when it has a unique, particular nature, adapted for the user or the users group.



... refers to filling an indoor area by adding functional or aesthetic objects. It deals in particular with an interior without intervening in any way over the usage scenario of that space. It ameliorates what it is by colour, texture or shape.



... includes communication means by representation plastic design and it is aiming at corporate design, advertising, signage language, web design. All these interact with the architecture "commands' in certain cases. Signage language, for instance, may be a part of the architectural concept.



... refers to the creative, innovative, uniqueness attributes of a functional furniture item. The lack of a utility in a certain product leads it in the category of a plastic art item.



Feng means wind and Shui means water. The Chi is living thing. It cannot be defined, but it can be described. It may exist in an energy form. Feng Shui is live knowledge. Feng Shui is Chi study.

"The Chi rides the wind and gets dispersed, but it is contained when it reaches water. The ancient people collected the chi so that it wasn't spread and they were leading it so that it would be contained. That is why this art is called FENG SHUI" (Guo Pu / Funeral book)

Taking into account that chi is windborne it is suitable to have a place that collects the wind. If you have the chi you may use it for your purposes.

The Feng-Shui we apply is the one of the Flying Stars School.
This system represents nine stars whose origin it was probably inspired by the Great Bear constellation. The reason for which it is called flying stars is that they are constantly moving and their impact is directional. This method uses BUILDING PLACEMENT AND DIRECTION and it is confronted also with its age in order to create the flying stars graphic and a numerological diagram. By studying different directions and the stars found there we may decide which feng shui remedies should be used in order to reduce the unfavourable influences and to activate positive energies.

Feng Shui sets the space in the favour if the person that uses it.



... is a fundamental aesthetics category reflecting the skills and properties of nature, social life and human creations capable of arising in the valorising personality satisfaction states, emotion and aesthetic joy, and also psychological effects specific to the human being generating pleasure and admiration feelings.

The evolution in theory of the beauty concept shows a real dynamics and highlights the role of its practical application from the historic and social point of view in order to produce and appreciate beauty.

"Beauty is one of the man's existential modalities and, together with the truth and the good, the condition of his progress and perfection...While the truth shows to us what it is and the good what it should be, the beauty shows to us what it is under the correct shape".
(Liviu RUSU, Logic of the beauty)



... it is a method of recognising the aesthetic values by a spontaneous pleasure or annoyance reaction towards actual aspects. Taste represents a subjective attitude, the decision belonging to the feeling and sensibility. Taste acts outside ration and it has the quality of producing the feeling of beauty and virtue.
Taste may be individual, national or it may characterise a certain time period, an era, from the receiving and the creating point of view.
It is very important to be aware of what we are calling "personal taste". To this there are taking part also psycho-physiological data of human behaviour and the general theoretical data, cultural data, accumulated following an educational process. When we evaluate an aspect using our own taste it is absolutely necessary to question : did I invest attention or experience in this field so that I can trust my own taste? If this amount of information I pretend to know and define my "taste" as being medical, would I trust in using the information in order to cure my own child?
"Having taste" in a certain field of art is equivalent to having talent". The creator of artistic values stimulates the creation process, suggests adequate work hypotheses and checks the performance.



... is the art of fabrics, fabric types, motives and all decorative expression shapes on the textile support. Printing and textile design are significantly important in interior architecture.

This decorative art participates to the interior architecture by the textile used in stuffing chairs, curtains, drapes, carpets, moquettes, sheets, bedcovers, decorative pillows, table covers and others.



... refers to the use of the natural source of light, daylight, by means of windows, window-pane walls, sky lights.

During the day, it shall be taken into consideration the control of natural light penetrating a space. For houses, for instance, there is used the functional part, the utility of a window treatment in this regard, not only for aesthetic or privacy purposes.



... nowadays, in the modern world, it refers to the usage of light units, based on electricity. Along the time, there were used other sources of energy as well. Candles, for example, are used as additional light, but with ambient purpose as well, particularly in dining areas (restaurants, dining rooms).

The artificial light has a technical, scientific basis, but it may belong as well to the interior architecture or design. The creative aspect in a space cannot ignore the calculations specific to the type of space depending on the usage purpose.

Indoors, the colour and the material texture participate to the light effect. Certain light sources may modify colours, obtaining unwanted effects.



... implies the arrangement of open spaces near the constructions, within human settlements. The landscape architecture designs also parks or other spaces for recreation purposes. Here it may appear as well the structure "architectural design" in landscape environment.